Maccabees, Books of the

Maccabees, Books of the
   There were originally five books of the Maccabees. The first contains a history of the war of independence, commencing (B.C. 175) in a series of patriotic struggles against the tyranny of Antiochus Epiphanes, and terminating B.C. 135. It became part of the Vulgate Version of the Bible, and was thus retained among the Apocrypha.
   The second gives a history of the Maccabees' struggle from B.C. 176 to B.C. 161. Its object is to encourage and admonish the Jews to be faithful to the religion of their fathers.
   The third does not hold a place in the Apocrypha, but is read in the Greek Church. Its design is to comfort the Alexandrian Jews in their persecution. Its writer was evidently an Alexandrian Jew.
   The fourth was found in the Library of Lyons, but was afterwards burned. The fifth contains a history of the Jews from B.C. 184 to B.C. 86. It is a compilation made by a Jew after the destruction of Jerusalem, from ancient memoirs, to which he had access. It need scarcely be added that none of these books has any divine authority.

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Books of the Maccabees — The Books of the Maccabees are books concerned with the Maccabees, the leaders of the Jewish rebellion against the Seleucid dynasty, or related subjects.The term mostly refers to two deuterocanonical books contained in some canons of the Bible:… …   Wikipedia

  • Books of the Bible — are listed differently in the canons of Jews, and Catholic, Protestant, Greek Orthodox, Slavonic Orthodox, Georgian, Armenian Apostolic, Syriac and Ethiopian Churches, although there is substantial overlap. A table comparing the canons of some of …   Wikipedia

  • The Lost Books of the Bible and the Forgotten Books of Eden — (A B Book Dist Inc, March 1994, ISBN 1 881316 63 7) is an anthology of ancient, apocryphal writings. The book was originally two books. The Lost Books of the Bible (Testament, 1998, ISBN 0 517 27795 6) was originally published in 1928, and was… …   Wikipedia

  • Maccabees, The Books of the — ▪ biblical literature Introduction Maccabees also spelled  Machabees        four books, none of which is in the Hebrew Bible but all of which appear in some manuscripts of the Septuagint. The first two books only are part of canonical scripture… …   Universalium

  • Books of the Bible — ▪ Table Books of the Bible Jewish canon Christian canon Protestant canon (Revised Standard Version [RSV]) Roman Catholic canon (Douai Confraternity versions) Torah ( The Law ) Old Testament Genesis Genesis; or, The First Book of Moses The Book of …   Universalium

  • Maccabees, books of — Four books recording the struggle of loyalist Jews against the forces of Hellenist absorption in the 2nd cent. BCE. Of these 1 and 2 Macc. (there is considerable overlap in telling the history) exist only in the Greek of the LXX, but were… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • MACCABEES, BOOKS OF —    two books of the Apocrypha which give, the first, an account of the heroic struggle which the Maccabees maintained from 175 to 135 B.C. against the kings of Syria, and the second, of an intercalary period of Jewish history from 175 to 160 B.C …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • MACCABEES, SECOND BOOK OF — (II Maccabees), known in Greek as Τά Μακκαβαïκά, that is, the narratives about (Judah called) the Maccabee. It was this title which gave the title to the other books of the apocrypha bearing the same name. It is an abridgment of a larger work of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MACCABEES, FIRST BOOK OF — (I Maccabees), a historical work extant in Greek, covering the period of 40 years from the accession of Antiochus Epiphanes (175 B.C.E.) to the death of Simeon the Hasmonean (135 B.C.E.). Its name in the Septuagint and in the writings of the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MACCABEES, THIRD BOOK OF — (III Maccabees), apocryphal book, included in the septuagint , probably dating from the first century B.C.E. It has nothing to do with the Maccabees, but relates a legend to explain why the Jews in Egypt have a Purim like festival in the summer… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”